Delcath Systems announced the publication of a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent a percutaneous hepatic perfusion procedure (PHP) with Chemosat for the treatment of either inoperable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (iCCA) or extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (eCCA) with liver metastases.
The article ‘New perspectives in unresectable cholangiocarcinoma? Evaluation of chemosaturation with percutaneous hepatic perfusion as a palliative treatment option’ by Cornelia Dewald (Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany) et al, was a retrospective analysis of 17 patients who underwent a total of 42 PHP procedures between October 2014 and September 2020 at the Hannover Medical School. The aim of the retrospective, monocentric study was to analyse PHP as a palliative treatment for unresectable, liver-dominant CCA.
Sixteen of the 17 patients were evaluable for response as one patient died without follow-up imaging 13 weeks after the first PHP with no identifiable relationship to the PHP treatment. After the first PHP, one patient (6%) presented with a complete response (CR). Three patients (18%) had a partial response (PR) in the first follow-up exam and seven patients (44%) presented with stable disease (SD). Five patients (31%) had progressive disease (PD), one of which was limited to extrahepatic progression only. In total, in 17 treated patients had an overall response rate (ORR) of 25% and a disease control rate (DCR) of 75% was achieved. Two patients with PR, six patients with SD and the patient with PD limited to extrahepatic progression received further PHP treatments. In the subsequent follow-up exams, the overall best therapy response in these patients was PR in 78% and SD in 22%. One patient was treated in total with eighy PHP treatments within 30 months.
The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 3.5 (95% CI:2.2–7.4) months with a similar median hepatic PFS of 3.6 [95% CI: 2.6–9.5] months. Calculated from first diagnosis of iCCA (or CCA liver metastases), the median survival was 27.6 [95% CI: 16.5–37] months. From first PHP, a median survival of 9.9 [95% CI: 3.8–21] months was observed, with a one-year survival rate of 41%. For context, the authors noted that for inoperable CCA, the treatment options are limited and a median survival of 2.5–6 months is to be expected, which can be extended to approximately 12 months under first-line chemotherapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin. In this study all patients were previously treated with at least systemic therapy and the authors note that the results of their analyses confirm the potential for survival extension by PHP treatment even after the exhaustion of systemic therapies.
The authors highlighted the increasing importance of locoregional forms of therapy in the treatment of CCA and that the new edition of the German S3 cancer guideline ‘Diagnostics and Therapy of Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Biliary Carcinomas’ now includes PHP with melphalan for the treatment of inoperable iCCA or eCCA liver metastases. Based on the results of this study, the authors concluded that for patients with inoperable, treatment-refractory iCCA and CCA liver metastases, PHP is an effective and safe treatment option that has the potential to prolong life in a palliative setting.